croix de guerre (fr)

The Croix de Guerre (French: Cross of War) is a military decoration of France. It was first created in 1915 and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The Croix de Guerre was also commonly bestowed on foreign military forces allied to France.

The Croix de Guerre may be awarded either as an individual award or as a unit award to those soldiers who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with the enemy. The medal is awarded to those who have been "mentioned in dispatches", meaning a heroic deed or deeds were performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit. The unit award of the Croix de Guerre with palm was issued to military units whose members performed heroic deeds in combat and were subsequently recognized by headquarters.
  1. FRANCE Four, Claudius

    SURNAME Four FORENAME Claudius UNIT BCRA RANK Capitaine NUMBER AWARD Chevalier de la Legion dHonneur,Compagnon de la Liberation,Croix de Guerre PLACE France 1942-43 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION killed - see Roll of Honour
  2. RAF SPECIAL DUTIES Affleck, John Robert

    SURNAME Affleck FORENAME John Robert UNIT 161 Squadron (RAFVR) RANK Pilot Officer + Flying Officer NUMBER 141865 AWARD Distinguished Service Order,Distinguished Flying Cross PLACE 1943 (DFC) 1944 (DSO) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION pilot 77 Squadron 24 OTU 161 Squadron Bomber...
  3. SOE d'Unienville, Alix Marrier

    SURNAME d'Unienville FORENAME Alix Marrier UNIT RF Section SOE RANK Lieutenant NUMBER AWARD Member of the Order of the British Empire (Mil),Legion dHonneur (Fr),Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION parent unit C.A.F. (Corps Auxiliaire Feminin) born...
  4. RM CDOS Reynolds, Michael

    SURNAME Reynolds FORENAME Michael UNIT 48 Commando (A Troop) RANK Lieutenant (A/Captain) NUMBER AWARD Croix de Guerre with vermilion star (Fr) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  5. SOE Larcher, Maurice Louis Marie Aristide

    SURNAME Larcher FORENAME Maurice Louis Marie Aristide UNIT F Section SOE RANK Lieutenant NUMBER 306766 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Chevalier de la Legion dHonneur (Fr),Croix de Guere (Fr) PLACE France ADDITIONAL INFORMATION died - see Roll of Honour
  6. SOE Arnault, Claude, Georges

    SURNAME Arnault FORENAME Claude / Georges UNIT OSS attached F Section SOE RANK Lieutenant NUMBER AWARD Medaille de la Resistance Francaise , Croix de Guerre, Distinguished Service Cross (USA) PLACE France ADDITIONAL INFORMATION from U.S.A. born 29.11.1925, Haiphong, French...
  7. PARAS 2 Weston, Gerard Edward (the Rev. Father)

    SURNAME Weston FORENAME Gerard Edward (the Rev. Father) UNIT Para (Bn Chaplain) (RAChD,attached) RANK Captain NUMBER 483415 AWARD Member of the Order of the British Empire,Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE Northern Ireland 1971 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION killed -...
  8. SAS Fauquet, Philippe

    SURNAME Fauquet FORENAME Philippe UNIT L Detachment SAS RANK Caporal NUMBER 31671 AWARD Military Medal, Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur, Compagnon de la Liberation, Medaille Militaire, Croix de Guerre, Medaille de la Resistance, Medaille Coloniale avec agrafes "Libye" and...
  9. SAS Bourgoin, Pierre-Louis Auguste

    SURNAME Bourgoin FORENAME Pierre-Louis Auguste UNIT 4 SAS (Commanding Officer) RANK Lieutenant Colonel NUMBER AWARD Distinguished Service Order,etc PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION born 4.12.1907 Cherchell,Algeria teacher 1925 3 Regiment de Tirailleurs Algeriens...
  10. SAS Chateau-Jobert, Pierre Yvon Alexandre Jean

    SURNAME Chateau-Jobert FORENAME Pierre Yvon Alexandre Jean UNIT 3 SAS (Commanding Officer) RANK Lieutenant Colonel NUMBER AWARD Distinguished Service Order,etc PLACE France and NW Europe 1944-45 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION born 3.2.1912 Morlaix,Finistere,France educated College...
  11. SAS Rosset-Cournand, Pierre

    SURNAME Rosset-Cournand FORENAME Pierre UNIT 3 SAS (2 Squadron) RANK Sous Lieutenant NUMBER AWARD Compagnon de la Liberation,Medaille Militaire,Croix de Guerre PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION KIA - see Roll of Honour IMAGES:
  12. SAS Betbeze, Antonin Jean Baptiste Alexandre Savin

    SURNAME Betbeze FORENAME Antonin Jean Baptiste Alexandre Savin UNIT 4 SAS (4 Squadron + 3 Company) RANK Capitaine NUMBER AWARD Distinguished Service Order,etc PLACE France and Holland 1944-45 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION born 6.9.1910 Juillan,Hautes-Pyrenees,France Merchant...
  13. SAS Cary-Elwes, Oswald Aloysius Joseph

    SURNAME Cary-Elwes FORENAME Oswald Aloysius Joseph UNIT HQ SAS Brigade (20 Liaison HQ) RANK Major NUMBER AWARD Mention in Despatches,Legion dHonneur (Fr),Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION parent unit Lincolnshire Regiment born 14.11.1913 educated...
  14. JEDBURGH Whitty, Valentine Edward

    SURNAME Whitty FORENAME Valentine Edward UNIT SOE Jedburgh Team Harold RANK Captain NUMBER 171993 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre avec Palmes (France) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION codename Ross died - see Roll of Honour
  15. JEDBURGH Colvin, Peter McLeod

    SURNAME Colvin FORENAME Peter McLeod UNIT SOE Jedburgh Team Felix RANK Sergeant NUMBER 7945551 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre (France) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION codename Middlesex killed - see Roll of Honour
  16. SOE Makowski, Stanislaw

    SURNAME Makowski FORENAME Stanislaw UNIT F Section SOE RANK Captain NUMBER 204697 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre avec Palme (France) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION died -see Roll of Honour
  17. SOE Lefort, Cecile Margot (nee MacKenzie) (Cecily)

    SURNAME Lefort FORENAME Cecile Margot (nee MacKenzie) (Cecily) UNIT F Section SOE RANK Section Officer NUMBER 9900 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE France 1943 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION died - see Roll of Honour
  18. SOE Lee, Lionel

    SURNAME Lee FORENAME Lionel UNIT F Section SOE RANK Lieutenant + Captain NUMBER 235209 AWARD Military Cross,Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE France 1943 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION died - see Roll of Honour
  19. SOE Damerment, Madeleine Leonie

    SURNAME Damerment FORENAME Madeleine Leonie UNIT F Section SOE RANK Ensign NUMBER F/37 AWARD Chevalier de la Legion dHonneur (Fr),Croix de Guerre (Fr) Medaille de la Resistance Francaise (Fr) PLACE France 1943-44 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION also awarded King's Commendation for...
  20. SOE Beekman, Yolande Elsa Maria (nee Unternahrer)

    SURNAME Beekman FORENAME Yolande Elsa Maria (nee Unternahrer) UNIT F Section SOE RANK Section Officer NUMBER 9902 AWARD Mention in Despatches,Croix de Guerre (Fr) PLACE France 1944 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION died - see Roll of Honour
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